The Faily Kurds, who are called in Iraq, (Faily Kurds), i.e., they are part and parcel of the Kurdish people, the inhabitants of the mountains, along the Zagrose mountain range, although they are called in Iran (Lures).They have their own Region of their own in the far south of Kurdistan is called (Luristan), which includes the regions (Elam), which is the capital (Zarin Abad), as well as (Karamanshah), which is
the capital of (Luristan). As it is known the (Lur) consist of four large phratries, they are : - the small Lur , who are ( the Failis ), and Great Lures, Bakhtiari, and Luk. There are many extensive researches about them, and about the origin of the word (Faily), which is likely related to the word (Pahli) and (Pahlavi), too.
Note that the Lures and Failis are synonymous for the Kurds living southeast of the Iraqi Kurdistan and Luristan region in Iran, and they are a big part of the Kurdish people, and share with it in the origin and history , language and the struggle . Some them accused this people falsely and wanted to usurp his nationality, but certificates of history disproved these chauvinistic nationalist empty allegations. One of these certificates, is the certificate of the famous historian Yaqoot Al- Hamwi (1179-1229 AD) His Dictionary of countries, the most trustful historical, geographical source of, in the definition Lures for which he wrote : - ( (Allur with the stress on the" L" and tighten the 'r' they are a generation of Kurds in the mountains between Esfahan and Khuzestan and those areas are known by them, so the say the country of Lur and it is called as Luristan and Allur too) "c 5, p. 16." So we say the
You will find the same thing with the geographical Astachri died in 957 AD - in his book ( Pictures of Provinces and Kingdoms and Routes).The statesman and historian (Rashid al-Din Fadl Allah Hamadani), who lived and served in the time of Mongol Alalikhan (Ghazan) speaks in his book ( A fundamentalist correspondence) about (the Kurdish Atabik) Afrasiyab the first governor of the grant Luristan, during the period (1288-1296 AD) and describes his visit to Alikhan mentioned . Before that he had announced the Revolution against his predecessor Irgun. And how he was received with open arms and hospitality , and how (Ghazan Khan) deliberately tried to kill him while returning to his headquarters, by the captain (Hurqudiq).
In his book (Nuzhat Alquloob)( Hearts Picnic ) by the famous historian and geographer (Hamd Allah ibn Almistawfi al-Qizwini), which was completed in 1339 AD - 740 AH, you find a lot about the emirates of Grant Luristan, and small Luristan . It says: - ((that Kurdish Lurs homelands are divided administratively into major Luristan, a mountainous region and the east steppes (within the Iranian border today), and Luristan Minor (most of which fall within the current west Iraqi border,)).
Ibn Almistawfi fixed abscess, which was colleted from them, during the period confined between 1335 - 1340 AD one million Alikhani dinars per year. Ninetieth thousand of which is paid only for the debt (i.e., the central treasury) and the rest was allocated to the Atabik expenses (i.e. the governor). ((Abdullah Mazandarani)) the author of the book (my astronomical message ) in the year 1364 mentioned that Atabiks of Luristan were first appointed by the Alikhanian rulers (descendants of Hulaku), and when the authority of those rulers was hit by confusion and weaknesses the Atabiks gained the independent with their regions .
The historian fixed in addition to that lists of the taxes which was got from the two regions that were much less than the amounts contained in the lists of Almistawfi . It is overlooked by historians or mentioned some of them mentioned as an aside, without elaborating - that the Arab Iraq occurred under the rule of Faily Kurds ((Lurs)) for six years, and their leader ((Zulfiqar Ahmed Sultan Maousello)) laid siege to Baghdad with his army and opened it and took it as his capital and created Kurdish garrison in other Iraqi cities, which gave him their obedience, from the north of Samarra'a to Basra. Here's the detail on his briefing as stated in the book (The Appearing Moon c 1: p. 270), and quoted by Prof.Abbas Al-Azzawi in his book (Iraq between the two occupations c 3: p. 360).
((In the year 930 Hijra for the year 1523 AD, he attacked Baghdad, Amir Thulfiqar head of the tribe (Mousollo) of the clan Kulhor Kurdish and the Emir of Luristan - and annexed it. Having consolidated his command in Baghdad, he seized most of the Iraqi cities. And the fear of the Safavid state he corresponded with Sultan (Suleiman the Magnificent) for protection . But the Safavid Shah Tahmasb the first attacked Iraq and entered Baghdad in 936 AH, corresponding to the in 1529 AD and the battle occurred was won by the Persians to the Kurds, the Amir Thulfiqar was killed , and subjected to the Shah Tahmasb Iraq to his authority and then he returned to the headquarters of his property after appointing on Iraq (Bekloo Mohammad Khan) and delegated to him managing of its affairs)). In fact, the Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent welcomed the proposal of Prince Thulfiqar in principle , but the history books, from the sources of both Iran and the West agree that the consent of the Ottoman Sultan and welcome not was just words and promises, because his armies were engaged in the wars of Europe and especially the siege of (Vienna ) to face the Western military alliance.
(...)Let me go back now to the origin of the word Faily: to offer and what it stood for explicit mention of expression coupled with the word (Kurd) or the word (Lur) in the written and printed history books. Back to nearly three centuries ago. Here are some examples: - chronicles speak of historical Iranian revolution (and Lurs Faily Albouktiaria) at the time of Fath Ali Shah. This is the text: -
((...Despite the city of Karamanshah remained quiet, the other the whole country and even Hamedan Shoster was boiled ferment. When he Alfailis Lurs and Albouktiarian tried to take the opportunity of vacuum left by the period of Persian interregnum)). This text is contained in the book of James Frazer printed in London in AD 1744, entitled (The history of Nadir Shah, formerly known as Tuhmas Khan .
The crime of ethnic cleansing against the Faily Kurds
The crime of ethnic cleansing ,is one of forms of international crime, and the international crime means the illegal act provided for in the Penal Code or the international conventions or rules of international law and that its effects are dangerous to all the international community, and this crime is one of intentional crimes committed with intent and affect the security and safety of the international community .The perpetrator has not exempt from liability shall not be granted asylum and that he does not enjoy immunity as a constitutional or legal crime mentioned do not fall over time. It is a war crime if committed during the war and crimes against humanity if committed during the peace. This crime is one of the varieties of human crime of genocide means the deliberate destruction of groups of national, racial or religious or ethnic as it is from old crimes in history were associated with Nazi rule and the regime of Saddam Hussein.
These crimes of Seth from the category of political crimes, but are intentional crimes ordinary serious, and be so even if the domestic law permitted, and the reference to Article II of the Convention on the Prevention of Genocide Human in 1948 shows that whole or partial groups of national, ethnic or racial or religious to kill or hinder my body or my soul or subject groups deliberately harsh conditions or sterilization and prevent reproduction or transferring children of the group forcibly separated from their loved ones is a crime of genocide, human race, which he suffered the Kurdish people by Saddam's regime and in particular the Faili Kurds.
There have been campaigns of displacement, the first against the Faily Kurds from the vanguard of the Nazi Arab first, led by Rashid A'ali Gailani, where the deportation of tens of thousands of them under the pretext of the dependency of Iran, although they are Iraqis and Iraq's population of hundreds of years as we have shown, also waves of displacement and deportation mounted after the revolution of July 1958 because of tension between the regime in Baghdad and Tehran was the victim are civilians.
In 1963 received the Arab Nazis to power in Baghdad and committed National Guard heinous crimes against the Faili Kurds, especially the so-called crimes of neighborhood Kurds in Baghdad and the reason for this is that the neighborhood of the Kurds was a stronghold of the National Movement for the Kurdistan Democratic Party and the Iraqi Communist Party and where they live when many Kurds traders which was a source of danger to a system of government of the Nazi National Guard - in Baghdad.
But the dark period in the history of the Faily Kurds are since the signing of March in 1970 and until 1988, where the Baath regime and the Nazi-led Arab Saddam exercise of the ugliest forms of persecution and international crimes against the peaceful people who, love life and freedom, the authorities have the deportation and disappearance of hundreds of thousands of men numbered approximately one million people without reason, only that they were of the finest people of Iraq do not worship the idol, and they are Kurds, mostly followers of the Shiite sect and they hold the backbone of commercial life in Iraq and they have a big role in the Iraqi National Movement. Still more than 10 thousand men are hidden in the prisons of the regime as many of them became fields of biological experiments and chemical weapons, according to the documents that have been found, including what was done by the military unit No. 5013 of the chemical product of the Republican Guard.
Dr. Kamal in the authority of his message about the plight of the Faily Kurds, the following: the displacement of these citizens started on 4/4/1980, where families were displaced after the confiscation of all their property and personal documents (Iraqi nationality, identity card, certificate of Iraqi nationality, military service book, driver's license, the identity of the Chamber of Commerce for traders, the identity of the Iraqi Federation of Industries for the owners of industrial projects, and property documents, school certificates, university, etc.).
Then he says that Iraq's senior leadership and the orders of Saddam Hussein made the decision secret considered certain segments of Iraqi society (Faily Kurds, Persians, and some Arabs) subordination of Iranian or those with assets of Iranian and despite the fact that they were born they and their parents and grandparents in the land of Iraq, and some of them extend their origins to the period of pre-emergence of Islam. The purpose of this policy is to prepare for the Iraq war - Iran, which began in September of 1980. The total of displaced Iraqis to Iran during the period from 4/4/1980 until 19/5/1990 nearly a million people according to statistics of the International Red Cross and Red Crescent, after being accused of subservience to Iran.
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